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O.H.I.M. (Office for Harmonization of Internal Market) is the European Union agency located in Alicante (SPAIN) responsible for registering trademarks and designs.
The exclusive rights deriving from CTM have effect in the territory of the 28 states of the European Communities. If it will be confirmed the practice followed in the past, in case of new entry in the European Communities, the  CTM will automatically extend its effects in the new  territories (e.g. Republic of Macedonia, Iceland, Turkey, etc..).
10 years from the filling date. The CTM is renewable for the same period. It is possible to file a renewal application from 1 year before the expiration date to six month after such date. In this case a proper fee is due.
The CTM confers on its owner exclusive rights therein. CTM owner is be entitled to prevent all third parties not having his consent from using an identical or similar trademark in connection to identical or similar goods/services. 
The Office carries out an examination verifying formal requirements of the CTM application and other relevant substantial requirements in particular the distinctiveness of the sign. No examination for the novelty character is provided.
On request of the applicant, in co-operation with some national Trademarks and Patents Offices (namely the Trademarks Office of Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovak Republic, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom), the Office carries out a trademark search on its own register (CTM) and on aforesaid national trademarks registers. The research report is sent to the Applicant who may assessing whether to continue the registration proceeding. The Office does not take into considerations the research outcomes.
After the examination, the CTM application is published in the Bulletin of the Community trademark.
Any third parties who consider the published CTM application as detrimental for its previous rights can file an opposition before the Office within 3 months from the publication date. 
The time required to obtain the registration depend on O.H.I.M. backlog, generally is less than 1 year (if any opposition is filed of course).
CTM registration could be revoked by O.H.I.M. if, within a continuous period of five years, the trademark has not been put to genuine use in the Community in connection with the goods or services in respect of which it is registered, and there are no proper reasons for non-use (the revocation proceedings is not start ex-officio but by a proper application file by a interested third party).  
The applicant/owner a CTM application/registration may request  the  conversion  of  his  CTM application/registration into a national trademark application if its Community trade mark application is refused, withdrawn, or deemed to be withdrawn. 
To inform the public and the competitors it is recommended to use wording "CTM filed" on the goods/packaging/advertising after the filling, and "Community Trademark Registered" or the symbol ® when the trademark is registered. 
Italian I.P. Code consents to start a legal action (ordinary proceedings and/or summary proceedings to obtain description, seizure or summary injunctions) on the base of a trademark application (Italian or CTM application).
Any change regarding the name and place of business of the owner, assignments, licenses and any action related to trademark rights has to be entered into CTM register. The registration of the assignment is necessary to enforce the exclusive  rights deriving from CTM.
The European Community is part of the Paris convention, and therefore it is possible to claim the priority date of one or more foreign applications filed not earlier than 6 months before the filing date. To claim the priority deriving from a foreign trademark application, it is not request a certified copy of such earlier application, but a simple copy of it. If the earlier foreign trademark application is available to the public in a trademark office database no documents has to be provided. 

Applicant’s data (Name, address, nationality);

List of goods/services;

Drawing (jpeg file);

Priority document (if claimed);

Power of Attorney is not requested.